Posted on

Les Demoiselles d’Avignon – Pablo Picasso

The Vision and the Unfamiliar

The evolution of modern art took a significant turn at the onset of the 20th century, with Pablo Picasso’s painting “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” emerging as a groundbreaking work that pivoted the art world towards Cubism and beyond. This masterwork, painted in 1907, showcases Picasso’s radical break from traditional European painting and paves the way for a new form of artistic expression.

Picasso, a Spanish artist, had already established himself as an extraordinary talent through his Blue and Rose periods before he embarked on creating “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon”. His idea was not to craft a simple portrait but to bring forth a radical idea that would change the course of art history.

“Les Demoiselles d’Avignon”, which translates to “The Young Ladies of Avignon”, is a large oil painting measuring 243.9 cm × 233.7 cm. It depicts five nude women in a brothel, a daring subject for the time, on a canvas that’s broken down into geometric forms, demonstrating the first instances of Cubism.

At first glance, the viewer is confronted with these figures – their faces stark and geometrical, bodies angular and rigid. The women stare directly at the viewer, challenging conventions of the passive female subject in art. The painting’s structure, color, and form are all designed to provoke the viewer, to unsettle and disturb.

A deep examination of the painting reveals that the women’s faces are inspired by Iberian sculpture and African tribal masks, evidencing Picasso’s interest in non-western art. The influence of ‘primitive’ art on Picasso was profound, leading to a distortion of the human figure that had never been seen before in European painting.

Reaction and Impact

Upon its completion, the painting was deemed shocking, even within Picasso’s close circle. Its distorted figures, jagged lines, and flattened, fragmented forms marked a significant departure from traditional Western art’s emphasis on depth and perspective.

However, “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” was more than just a controversial painting. It marked the birth of a new art movement – Cubism. Together with Georges Braque, Picasso began to develop a unique visual language that deconstructed objects into geometric shapes, presenting them from multiple viewpoints simultaneously. This revolutionary approach allowed artists to present a more conceptual understanding of the subject, a marked departure from the literal representations favored by their predecessors.

Picasso’s Legacy

While “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” was not exhibited publicly until nine years after its creation, its impact on the art world was immense. Picasso’s bold vision challenged the status quo, opening the door for countless artists to explore new realms of creativity. It helped to establish him as a leading figure in 20th-century art, shaping future movements like Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism.

Moreover, the painting underscores Picasso’s role in challenging societal norms, particularly those related to women and sexuality. His unidealized, raw, and bold representation of the female form broke away from the traditional and voyeuristic portrayal of women, giving art a feminist perspective long before such a term existed.

“Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” remains one of Picasso’s most influential works. It serves as a monument to his innovative spirit, and a testament to the transformative power of art. The painting is housed in the Museum of Modern Art in New York, a fitting home for a work that set the stage for modernism.


Over a century later, Picasso’s “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” continues to captivate and inspire. Its potent blend of defiance and innovation encapsulates the spirit of an era when artists sought to redefine their world. It is not merely a painting but a revolutionary act in the form of art, a daring departure from the norm that prompted a seismic shift in artistic practice.

In this single work, Picasso did not merely paint a picture; he shattered the conventions of his time, reassembling them in a form that continues to resonate today. “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” is a cornerstone of modern art – a testament to the power of vision, bravery, and unbridled creativity. As we look upon the fragmented forms and raw emotion it captures, we’re not just viewing a painting, but experiencing a moment in time that forever changed the way we see the world.